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Okpa Recipe

Okpa is a popular Nigerian snack made from a blend of black-eyed peas, spices, and oil. It is often sold by street vendors or in markets and is a tasty and filling snack that can be enjoyed at any time of day. It is also easy to make at home, and in this recipe, we will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to make Okpa from scratch.

Originating from the Igbo tribe in Eastern Nigeria, Okpa is a traditional food that has been enjoyed for generations. It is a staple food in many parts of Nigeria and is a popular snack in West Africa. The recipe has been passed down from generation to generation, and the ingredients used have remained largely the same over the years.

Now, let's get started with the recipe!


  • 2 cups of black-eyed peas

  • 1 small onion, chopped

  • 1 teaspoon of salt

  • 1 teaspoon of ground crayfish (optional)

  • 1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper (adjust to your desired level of spiciness)

  • 1/4 cup of palm oil

  • Water

  • Banana leaves or parchment paper


  • Blender

  • Large mixing bowl

  • Large pot with a lid

  • Colander

  • Banana leaves or parchment paper

  • Steamer basket


  1. Soak the black-eyed peas in water overnight, or for at least 6 hours. Drain the water and rinse the peas in a colander.

  2. Add the soaked black-eyed peas, chopped onion, salt, crayfish (if using), cayenne pepper, and palm oil to a blender. Blend until the mixture is smooth and creamy, adding water as needed to achieve the right consistency. The mixture should be thick but pourable.

  3. Transfer the mixture to a large mixing bowl and stir well.

  4. Cut the banana leaves or parchment paper into rectangular shapes, about 6 inches wide and 8 inches long. If using banana leaves, place them over an open flame for a few seconds to make them pliable.

  5. Spoon the Okpa mixture onto the center of each banana leaf or parchment paper, leaving enough space to fold the leaf or paper over the mixture.

  6. Fold the banana leaf or parchment paper over the Okpa mixture and tuck the ends underneath to create a small, rectangular package.

  7. Place the Okpa packages in a steamer basket and steam over boiling water for about 45 minutes to 1 hour, or until the Okpa is cooked through and firm to the touch.

  8. Remove the Okpa packages from the steamer basket and allow them to cool slightly before serving.

Allergy Concerns: This recipe is naturally gluten-free and can be made vegan by substituting the palm oil with a vegetable oil of your choice. If you have any other allergies, please be sure to check the ingredients carefully before making this recipe.

Calories Intake: Each Okpa package contains approximately 150-200 calories.

Healthy Alternatives: To make this recipe even healthier, you can substitute the palm oil with a healthier oil such as olive oil or coconut oil. You can also add some chopped vegetables such as spinach or kale to the mixture for added nutrition.

Spicy Level: The cayenne pepper in this recipe adds a nice level of spiciness, but you can adjust the amount to your liking. If you prefer a milder Okpa, reduce the amount of cayenne pepper or omit it altogether.

Kitchen Equipments and Ingredients on Amazon:

We hope you find this recipe and information helpful! Enjoy making and eating your homemade Okpa snack!

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